Chronic TVP-1012 (rasagiline) dose--activity response of monoamine oxidases A and B in the brain of the common marmoset
by
Gotz ME, Breithaupt W, Sautter J, Kupsch A,
Schwarz J, Oertel WH, Youdim MB,
Riederer P, Gerlach M.
Department of Psychiatry,
Julius-Maximilians-University,
Wurzburg, Federal Republic of Germany.
J Neural Transm Suppl. 1998;52:271-8.


ABSTRACT

The stereospecific form of the known acetylenic mechanism-based MAO-inhibitor AGN1135 (Rasagiline, TVP-1012) is devoid of sympathomimetic amphetamine-like properties. To evaluate the efficiency and selectivity of subcutaneous injections of TVP-1012 (dose range from 0.01 up to 10 mg/kg for 7 days) the activities of monoamine oxidases A and B (MAO-A,-B) were determined in different brain regions of the common marmoset. At a dose of 0.1 mg/kg TVP-1012, almost 80% of MAO-B activity is inhibited in all brain regions investigated (prefrontal and occipital cortex, cerebellum, caudate nucleus, putamen, nucleus accumbens). In contrast, MAO-A is not inhibited in putamen and nucleus accumbens. However, by increasing the TVP-1012 dose to 0.5 mg/kg, MAO-A is inhibited to a significant extent as well, concomitant to total inhibition of MAO-B. The results obtained indicate that TVP-1012 irreversibly inhibits both types of MAO in the common marmoset with selectivity for MAO-B at doses less than 0.5 mg/kg. TVP-1012 could be useful in studies requiring selective MAO-B inhibition without concomitant sympathomimetic amphetamine-like effects and could thus be of therapeutic interest for Parkinson's disease and retarded depression.


MAOIs
Rasagiline
Neuroprotection
Rasagiline: structure
MAO-b inhibitors/PD
Anti-apoptotic activity
Molecular mechanisms
Rasagiline pharmacology
Induction of pro-survival genes
Rasagiline and the mitochondria
Antioxidant strategies against aging
Anti-Alzheimer/anti-Parkinson's drugs
Rasagiline versus selegiline metabolites
Rasagiline/ anti-apoptotic bcl-2 gene family
Dual AChE and MAO inhibitors and Alzheimer's
Rasagiline v selegiline: neuronal survival effects
Rasagiline (Agilect) in early Parkinson's disease


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