L-DOPA increases noradrenaline turnover in central
and peripheral nervous systems

Dayan L, Finberg JP.
Pharmacology Department,
Rappaport Faculty of Medicine,
Technion, Haifa, Israel.
Neuropharmacology. 2003 Sep;45(4):524-33


The ability of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) to release noradrenaline (NA) from peripheral and CNS neurons was studied using isolated rat vas deferens and in vivo frontal cortex microdialysis. Application of L-DOPA (30 microM) to vas deferens increased basal NA efflux but not electrical field stimulation-evoked release of NA when the tissue was pretreated with an inhibitor of MAO-B (clorgyline 1 microM) or an inhibitor of MAO-A and MOA-B (AGN-1133 1 microM). No effect on NA efflux was seen when the tissue was treated with rasagiline (0.005 microM; selective inhibitor of MAO-B), but rasagiline, AGN-1133 and clorgyline increased basal efflux of dopamine (DA) following L-DOPA. In microdialysis experiments, systemic administration of L-DOPA/carbidopa combination (50/12 mg.kg(-1)) increased the efflux of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylglycol and 3-methoxy,4-hydroxyphenylglycol but reduced that of NA. Microdialysate levels of NA, however were increased following L-DOPA/carbidopa when desipramine (1 microM) was infused locally via the probe, or following systemic administration of yohimbine (2 mg.kg(-1)). The data are consistent with the hypothesis that administration of L-DOPA is followed by increased axoplasmatic levels of DA which release NA from storage sites into the free cytoplasmatic pool.

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