Neuroprotection by monoamine oxidase B inhibitors:
a therapeutic strategy for Parkinson's disease?

Tabakman R, Lecht S, Lazarovici P.
Department of Pharmacology,
School of Pharmacy,
Faculty of Medicine,
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem,
Jerusalem, Israel.
Bioessays. 2004 Jan;26(1):80-90


Parkinsonism (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder of the brain resulting in dopamine deficiency caused by the progressive death of dopaminergic neurons. PD is characterized by a combination of rigidity, poverty of movement, tremor and postural instability. Selegiline is a selective and irreversible propargylamine type B monoamine oxidase (MAO-B) inhibitor. This drug, which inhibits dopamine metabolism, has been effectively used in the treatment of PD. However, its therapeutic effects are compromised by its many neurotoxic metabolites. To circumvent this obstacle, a novel MAO-B inhibitor, rasagiline, was developed. Paradoxically, the neuroprotective mechanism of propargylamines in different neuronal models appears to be independent of MAO-B inhibition. Recent investigations into the neuroprotective mechanism of propargylamines indicate that glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), MAO-B and/or other unknown proteins may represent pivotal proteins in the survival of the injured neurons. Delineation of the mechanism(s) involved in the neuroprotective effects exerted by MAO-B inhibitors may provide the key to preventive novel therapeutic modalities.

Rasagiline: structure
Anti-apoptotic activity
Parkinson's disease: resources
Rasagiline and the mitochondria
Antioxidant strategies against aging
Anti-Alzheimer/anti-Parkinson's drugs
Rasagiline versus selegiline metabolites
Rasagiline/ anti-apoptotic bcl-2 gene family
Dual AChE and MAO inhibitors and Alzheimer's
Rasagiline v selegiline: neuronal survival effects
Rasagiline (Agilect) in early Parkinson's disease

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