Neuroprotection by monoamine oxidase B inhibitors:
a therapeutic strategy for Parkinson's disease?

by
Tabakman R, Lecht S, Lazarovici P.
Department of Pharmacology,
School of Pharmacy,
Faculty of Medicine,
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem,
Jerusalem, Israel.
Bioessays. 2004 Jan;26(1):80-90


ABSTRACT

Parkinsonism (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder of the brain resulting in dopamine deficiency caused by the progressive death of dopaminergic neurons. PD is characterized by a combination of rigidity, poverty of movement, tremor and postural instability. Selegiline is a selective and irreversible propargylamine type B monoamine oxidase (MAO-B) inhibitor. This drug, which inhibits dopamine metabolism, has been effectively used in the treatment of PD. However, its therapeutic effects are compromised by its many neurotoxic metabolites. To circumvent this obstacle, a novel MAO-B inhibitor, rasagiline, was developed. Paradoxically, the neuroprotective mechanism of propargylamines in different neuronal models appears to be independent of MAO-B inhibition. Recent investigations into the neuroprotective mechanism of propargylamines indicate that glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), MAO-B and/or other unknown proteins may represent pivotal proteins in the survival of the injured neurons. Delineation of the mechanism(s) involved in the neuroprotective effects exerted by MAO-B inhibitors may provide the key to preventive novel therapeutic modalities.


MAOIs
Rasagiline
Neuroprotection
Rasagiline: structure
Anti-apoptotic activity
Parkinson's disease: resources
Rasagiline and the mitochondria
Antioxidant strategies against aging
Anti-Alzheimer/anti-Parkinson's drugs
Rasagiline versus selegiline metabolites
Rasagiline/ anti-apoptotic bcl-2 gene family
Dual AChE and MAO inhibitors and Alzheimer's
Rasagiline v selegiline: neuronal survival effects
Rasagiline (Agilect) in early Parkinson's disease


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